Multipla skleroza

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common neurological disease of young people. It most usually affects persons between the ages of 20 and 40, who are at the most productive and the most important stage in their personal, family and professional life.

Multiple sclerosis in most patients is characterized by the removal of worsening and remission, with different lengths of duration (from a few months to several years), and this is a relapse-remitting form of MS. Over time the disease begins progressing, which means a continuous, faster or slower deterioration (secondary progressive form). The smallest number of patients have a progressive course from the beginning (primarily a progressive form).

The disease is a pathological immune response to the affected parts of the nerve tissue such as myelin, which is nerve fiber sheath crucial for the transmitting of nerve impulses, which is again the basis for normal functioning. Permanent and repeated damage to myelin leads to demyelination, and nerve fibers (axons) decay. A critical loss of axons leads to neurological outbreaks.

The clinical picture depends on the location of damage to the brain and spinal cord and is very diverse. Thus, patients may have partial or complete loss of vision, duplicate images, numbness or weakness of an arm or leg, problems with walking, fatigue, problems with urinating, instability

In addition to typical anamnesis and neurological findings, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is of utmost importance for proper diagnostics. It allows determining the precise position, size, and activity of these lesions. The deterioration is treated with high doses of corticosteroids, which allow a significantly faster and more complete recovery. Any deterioration means a permanent loss of a large number of nerve fibers, which in time leads to the loss of various functions – walking ability, balance, coordination of movement, vision, control of the sphincter.

If patients are not treated, on time and by adequate therapy, most of them, for 20 years at the time of walking, have to use a stick. If someone gets ill at the age of 20, that means she will walk with the help of the staff at age 40, which is from the point of view of a young person and her immediate devastating and unacceptable. This is just one example of disability, and they are numerous in multiple sclerosis and are all equally severe and incapacitating.

Campaign MS My world wants to point out to everyday stories about the heroism and personal victories of MS patients, and the therapy that has enabled them to have a smooth life.

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